Jumps – an introduction

In Figure Skating there are edge jumps, that is jumps where you take off from an edge, and toe jumps, where you take off by digging in the toe picks on the front of the blade. Learn to recognise the different jumps during the competition!

Some Things are Worse than a Fall!

Accidentally landing a single jump or a double jump instead of a planned triple jump is often more costly than falling down.

Successful single lutz: 0.6 points
Successful double lutz: 2.1 points
triple lutz with fall: 2.9 points (fully rotated).
Successful triple lutz: 6.0 points.


Axel Paulsen

The only jump that takes off from the front, making the jump easy to recognise. Because there’s extra rotation involved, the Axel Paulsen is seen as the most difficult jump.



Toe Loop

The Toe Loop takes off from the left toe pick*, while the other foot travels on the back outside edge, and is seen to be the easiest jump in Figure Skating.

Toe Loop



In a Flip, you dig the right toe picks* into the ice while the other foot skates on the back inner edge. No one has yet landed a clean quadruple Flip in competition.



In a Lutz, the skater also digs their right toe picks* into the ice, but here the other foot skates on the back outside edge. The jump is named after the Austrian skater Alois Lutz.



The Salchow is an edge jump that takes off from a back inside edge on the left foot*. The Salchow is seen to be the second easiest jump in Figure Skating. Named after the famous Swedish figure skater Ulrich Salchow.



An edge jump in which you take off from the same foot you land on. If the jump is towards the left, take-off is from the right
outside edge.

Also knows as a Rittberger, after the German figure skater Werner Rittberger, who invented the jump in 1910.

Ögel loop